There are so many factors in the world of humans that can cause allergies to our poor dogs. These allergies are the commonest causative factor of itching and scratching which is in turn the commonest reason dogs are brought to a vet hospital like Killara Vet Hospital. The fact is that, one in five dogs contract allergies that can make life miserable for them. Here are common origins of allergies in dogs and solutions for management.
Commonest Origins of Allergies
Flea: Flea is the most common cause of allergy in dogs. Even a very few fleas can cause severe itching in dogs. The itching is so severe that the dog’s skin may even bleed when he chews it and also the dog’s incisors are worn down.
Atopy: The allergy caused by dust and pollens is called atopy. It’s somewhat like hay fever in humans. Sneezing and runny eyes are common in this allergy; but itchy skin and ears are more common. Dogs also keep licking their feet constantly. This type of allergy is often seasonal to start with, but in the long run it will leave your dog itching and scratching all through the year.
Food Allergy: Food allergy is a bit difficult to diagnose. Several people are under the impression that since their dog’s diet has not changed for years, the dog couldn’t have this allergy. Actually these are the conditions when food allergy may develop. To find if your dog has a food allergy, you should feed her/him something you haven’t fed for 8 to 12 weeks. This food may be homemade or even a prescription hypoallergenic diet.
Your vet will guess that your dog is suffering from an allergy by checking the symptoms and ruling out any other source of itching like infection or mites.
Dogs that have caught food allergies usually have itchy feet and ears.
Atopic dogs may even have signs of conjunctivitis as well as sneezing.
Sufferers of flea allergies show an evenly spread skin inflammation with hair loss and trauma on hind legs, tail and lower back.
There are many things you can do to keep your dogs free from allergies or make them comfortable if they catch allergies.
Medications like antihistamines and corticosteroids will mitigate inflammation and itching in the dog’s skin. These medications have side effects too; so, you should discuss with your vet about their pros and cons.
There may be a need of antibiotics if the dog has scratched the skin so much that it has been infected.
Supplements like fish oil can provide a natural anti-inflammatory effect and will improve skin health.
You can also use oatmeal based shampoos and conditioners. These reduce itching and make your dog’s coat and skin clean and soft.
After recognizing exactly what your dog is allergic to, desensitising injections can be developed. Then these injections are regularly administered so that the dog’s body learns to withstand the allergen.
After finding the cause of allergy, keep your dog away from it as far as possible. That means you should use a good flea control or feed the dog on a hypoallergenic diet.
The sad part is the possibility of complete cure of your dog’s allergy is actually very low; however, you can do many things to ease her/his itching and scratching. With the help of a good vet like one at the trusted North Ryde veterinary hospital like Gordon Vet, you can design a treatment protocol to control the allergic reaction and keep symptoms under control.